Parenting styles and their impact on the child – Times of India

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Parenting style refers to the kind of approach parents have towards their children with relevance to the future. Parenting can be done in many different ways, but it is a highly debated question what the right approach is. Any parenting style is influenced by various factors, but it is important to consider the unique needs and characteristics of each child when determining the most appropriate parenting approach. Parenting styles can have long-lasting effects on children as they grow into adulthood. Some of those styles are as follows.

Permissive parenting

This is a parenting style of the parents who are lenient, have little expectations, and have negligible rules for children. Such a style creates an impact on children in different ways:
Ajay Gupta, parenting expert, Founder of Bachpan Play Schools says, “With this way of parenting, children may struggle with self-control and have difficulty in following rules and boundaries. Children may expect to have their desires met without any regard for others. A one-size-fits-all approach may not be suitable for children nurtured under the permissive parenting style”

Authoritarian parenting

Parents tend to be strict, demanding, and controlling. They expect unquestioned obedience and often use punishment as a means of discipline. The impact of authoritarian parenting on child development can include the following:
According to Gupta, “Children may struggle to think for themselves and make choices. Constant criticism and punishment can lead to a diminished sense of self-worth and confidence. Some children may develop rebellious behaviours. “

Authoritative parenting

Authoritative parents establish clear rules and expectations but also provide warmth, support, and open communication. They balance discipline with understanding, guidance, and explanations. The impact of authoritative parenting on child development can include the following
“Children raised by authoritative parents tend to have a healthy sense of self-esteem and exhibit better self-regulation skills. These children often develop good social skills and have the ability to navigate relationships effectively. Children become responsible and capable individuals.” says Gupta.

Neglectful parenting

Such parents are uninvolved, emotionally detached, unresponsive, and neglectful of their children’s needs. They provide minimal guidance, supervision, and support. The impact of neglectful parenting on child development is varied as follows:
Children may experience difficulties in emotional and behavioural issues. It can contribute to poor academic outcomes for children. Children struggle with developing secure attachments and trusting others
“It is important to note that parenting styles are not rigid categories, and many parents exhibit a mix of different styles. Cultural factors, consistency, positive discipline, warmth, and adapting to children’s needs are important considerations for effective parenting as well as early childhood education,” advises Gupta.
Effective parenting involves being flexible and adapting one’s approach to the specific needs of the child. It also involves finding a balance between providing guidance and allowing children to develop their independence. When this is done, children go on to conquer the world by becoming the best versions of themselves.





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